What is Yellow Fungus? Causes, symptoms, prevention, here’s how you can stay safe right now

There’s been a rampant rise in the number of fungal infections reported amongst people. especially those that have recovered from coronavirus infection.

Now, after black fungus and Saprolegnia ferax infection. cases of yellow fungus infection are reported in India, which doctors warn is far scarier. According to reports. one of the primary causes of the yellow fungus infection is identified in Ghaziabad, U.P. While the disease hasn’t been notified by health experts or government authorities so far, the behavior of the disease has been flagged off as concerning.

While we still learn more information about an equivalent, doctors have suggested that a yellow fungus infection might be far more dangerous than black and Saprolegnia ferax cases, and requires attention from the very beginning, since it’s an infection that may cause heavy internal damage.

Here’s an explainer on an equivalent, and a few of the ways you’ll safeguard your health

What exactly is yellow fungus infection?

While black fungus infection has been declared as a plague in some states, yellow fungus infection isn’t exactly new. A yellow fungus infection, very similar to other mycosis spreads via contaminated environments, or when a suspected patient inhales molds (myxomycetes) that grow within the environment.

What makes this infection different from white and black fungus infection is that the manner of its spread. While black fungus starts off with distinct facial disfiguration, the yellow fungus infection starts to cause symptoms by launching an attack on the body’s viscus and disturbing vital bodily processes.

Since the damage caused by the infection is claimed to be far more dangerous and severe, experts now warn people to start out recognizing the infection from day 01 and seek help.

How does it spread? Is it contagious?

Fungal infections spread when an individual inhales molds, and are found within the environment. Now, yellow fungus infections could even be spread via high levels of humidity or the presence of old, contaminated food. However, poor hygiene and unsanitary conditions remain to be the prime reasons for infection.
While fungal infections can primarily attack people with compromised immunity, yellow fungus or other fungal infections being talked about immediately aren’t exactly contagious, since they can’t be spread from person to person like other respiratory infections, including that of COVID-19. the danger of external spread hasn’t been found or studied intimately as of yet.

What makes an individual vulnerable to the risks?

Depending on your health and risk factors, yellow fungus infections can strike as a primary or secondary infection. However, from what has been evidently seen thus far, the risks still be aggravated for those people that have compromised immunity, frail health, or affected by pre-existing problems like uncontrolled diabetes, high cholesterol, which cause inflammation and reduce the body’s ability to repel infections.

As seen with COVID-recovered cases (or those within the middle of recovery), an increase in fungal infections has been reported amongst those placed on prolonged oxygen support, or are prescribed steroid use. the utilization of steroids has now come under scrutiny from leading medical authorities.

It also can develop on the skin after the fungus enters the skin through a cut, scrape, burn, or another sort of skin trauma.

Additionally, the Centres of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that the danger of fungal infections also are high for-
-People who have spent an extended time under medical care units (ICU)
-Have had a transplant recently, affected by immune complications or low WBCs counts.
-Are hooked to extensive antibacterial or steroid use.
-Have kidney damage or placed on dialysis.

Symptoms of the infection
As per available case studies, following are the broad symptoms of yellow fungus infection:
  1. Disrupted digestion
  2. Slow metabolism, unexplained-unusual weight loss
  3. Pus leakage
  4. Loss of appetite, malnutrition
  5. Scrawny, sunken eyes
  6. Lack of energy, lethargy, and fatigue
  7. Necrosis (in severe cases)
  8. Delayed healing of wounds
  9. Prolonging recovery timelines

Why is it more dangerous than other fungal infections?

From what has been seen immediately, one of the explanations why a yellow fungus infection acts out differently to Saprolegnia ferax or black fungus is that the way it spreads. Since it spreads internally, it can cause heavy internal damage and hence, more ‘severe’ in nature.
For an equivalent reason, people are advised to hunt treatment from the very beginning and stop the case from becoming complicated.

How can people protect themselves?

What we must remember is that we are only starting to learn information about the new infection. However, like with any infection, one of the simplest steps to require is to safeguard your health.
Compromised immunity helps fungal infections thrive. People affected by uncontrolled diabetes, or with a history of diabetes should be doubly careful of keeping their blood glucose levels in check.

As for patients battling COVID-19, since one reason for the spread of those hazardous molds is unsanitary environments, one must make sure that proper disinfection is followed.
Those on oxygen therapy should also make sure that oxygen is well-filtered and not contaminated (such as unclean water). Indiscriminate usage of steroids and related medications should be curtailed.

Additionally, doctors and specialists recommend that any at-risk patient not expose themselves to the danger unnecessarily, follow proper mask mandates, and maintain personal hygiene. Wearing clothes that don’t expose the skin to probably contaminated surfaces can also go one step further to guard you.

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